The role of NO2 and NO in the mechanism of hydrocarbon degradation leading to carbonaceous deposits in engines

Slavchov, Radomir I. and Salamanca, Maurin and Russo, Danilo and Salama, Ibrahim and Mosbach, Sebastian and Clarke, Stuart M. and Kraft, Markus and Lapkin, Alexei A. and Filip, Sorin V. (2020) The role of NO2 and NO in the mechanism of hydrocarbon degradation leading to carbonaceous deposits in engines. Fuel, 267. p. 117218. ISSN 0016-2361 DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2020.117218

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2020.117218

Abstract

A hypothetical mechanism of degradation of the fuel droplet leaking out from the injector nozzle in a direct injection combustion engine has been proposed recently. This involves as a key step a radical chain oxidation initiated by NO2 and branched by nitric oxide, NO, both produced by the combustion. The degradation causes the formation of injector nozzle carbonaceous deposits. The present work gives an experimental validation of some of the assumptions behind this model. An autoclave is used to oxidize isooctane under conditions relevant to the cylinder wall near the nozzle (~150 °C, 10 bar, 5% O2, 100 ppm of NO2 by mole and 500 ppm NO in the gas phase), and the degradation products are monitored via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC–MS). The results show no observable fuel degradation in the absence of NOx. NO appears to be able to initiate a radical chain by producing NO2. Nitric oxide also alters the radical chain by transforming the alkyl peroxy radicals (ROO⋅) to more reactive alkoxy radicals (RO⋅), resulting in a range of different products. In addition, NO tends to terminate the radical chain by neutralizing a fraction of the alkyl peroxy radicals, producing alkyl nitrates as termination products. The existence of a radical chain is supported by demonstrating the antioxidative action of a radical scavenger. The chemical reaction mechanism is investigated, based on the detected products, and the key species involved in the degradation process are identified.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2019AREP; IA76
Subjects: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Divisions: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
99 - Other
Journal or Publication Title: Fuel
Volume: 267
Page Range: p. 117218
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2020.117218
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2020 11:23
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2020 11:23
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/4634

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