Composition-resolved size distributions of volcanic aerosols in the Mt. Etna plumes

Martin, R. S. and Mather, T. A. and Pyle, D. M. and Power, M. and Allen, A. G. and Aiuppa, A. and Horwell, C. J. and Ward, E. P. W. (2008) Composition-resolved size distributions of volcanic aerosols in the Mt. Etna plumes. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113. D17211. DOI 10.1029/2007JD009648.

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Abstract

Particle size distributions for soluble and insoluble species in Mt. Etna's summit plumes were measured across an extended size range (10 nm < d < 100 μm) using a combination of techniques. Automated scanning electron microscopy (QEMSCAN) was used to chemically analyze many thousands of insoluble particles (collected on pumped filters) allowing the relationships between particle size, shape, and composition to be investigated. The size distribution of fine silicate particles (d < 10 μm) was found to be lognormal, consistent with formation by bursting of gas bubbles at the surface of the magma. The compositions of fine silicate particles were found to vary between magmatic and nearly pure silica; this is consistent with depletion of metal ions by reactions in the acidic environment of the gas plume and vent. Measurements of the size, shape and composition of fine silicate particles may potentially offer insights into preemission, synemission, and postemission processes. The mass flux of fine silicate particles from Mt. Etna released during noneruptive volcanic degassing in 2004 and 2005 was estimated to be ∼7000 kg d−1. Analysis of particles in the range 0.1 < d/μm < 100 by ion chromatography shows that there are persistent differences in the size distributions of sulfate aerosols between the two main summit plumes. Analysis of particles in the range 0.01 μm < d < 0.1 μm by scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) shows that there are significant levels of nanoparticles in the Mt. Etna plumes although their compositions remain uncertain.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 08AREP IA57 2008 P
Subjects: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Divisions: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Geophysical Research
Volume: 113
Page Range: D17211
Identification Number: 10.1029/2007JD009648.
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 13:03
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:07
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/512

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