Regional patterns of earthquake-triggered landslides and their relation to ground motion

Meunier, P. and Hovius, N. and Haines, A. J. (2007) Regional patterns of earthquake-triggered landslides and their relation to ground motion. Geophysical Research Letters, 34. L20408. DOI 10.1029/2007GL031337

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007GL031337

Abstract

We have documented patterns of landsliding associated with large earthquakes on three thrust faults: the Northridge earthquake in California, Chi-Chi earthquake in Taiwan, and two earthquakes on the Ramu-Markham fault bounding the Finisterre Mountains of Papua New Guinea. In each case, landslide densities are shown to be greatest in the area of strongest ground acceleration and to decay with distance from the epicenter. In California and Taiwan, the density of co-seismic landslides is linearly and highly correlated with both the vertical and horizontal components of measured peak ground acceleration. Based on this observation, we derive an expression for the spatial variation of landslide density analogous with regional seismic attenuation laws. In its general form, this expression applies to our three examples, and we determine best fit values for individual cases. Our findings open a window on the construction of shake maps from geomorphic observations for earthquakes in non-instrumented regions

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2007 AREP IA55 2007 P
Subjects: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Divisions: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Journal or Publication Title: Geophysical Research Letters
Volume: 34
Page Range: L20408
Identification Number: 10.1029/2007GL031337
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 13:03
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:07
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/535

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