Millennial-scale surface and subsurface paleothermometry from the northeast Atlantic, 55–8 ka BP

Peck, V. L. and Hall, I. R. and Zahn, R. and Elderfield, H. (2008) Millennial-scale surface and subsurface paleothermometry from the northeast Atlantic, 55–8 ka BP. Paleoceanography, 23. PA3221. DOI 10.1029/2008PA001631.

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Abstract

We present high-resolution records of upper ocean temperatures derived from Mg/Ca ratios of surface-dwelling Globigerina bulloides and subsurface-dwelling Neogloboquadrina pachyderma sinistral and the relative abundance of N. pachyderma sinistral for the period 55–8 ka BP from NE Atlantic sediment core MD01-2461. Millennial-scale temporal variability and longer-term trends in these records enable us to develop a detailed picture of past ocean conditions such as a weakening of thermocline intensity from marine isotope stage 3 (MIS 3) to the last glacial maximum (LGM). The correspondence of all temperature proxies and convergence of paired oxygen isotope (δ 18O) records from both planktonic species implies a breakdown in the thermocline and year-round mixing of the upper water column through the LGM, perhaps related to decreasing insolation and additional cooling in association with the expansion of the circum–North Atlantic ice sheets. Millennial-scale divergence in surface and subsurface temperatures and δ 18O across the last glacial correspond to meltwater release and the development of a strong halocline associated with both Heinrich (H) events and instabilities of the NW European ice sheet. During such episodes, G. bulloides Mg/Ca appears to record ambient, even warming summer sea surface temperatures across H events while the other proxies record maximum cooling.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 08AREP IA57 2008 P
Subjects: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Divisions: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Journal or Publication Title: Paleoceanography
Volume: 23
Page Range: PA3221
Identification Number: 10.1029/2008PA001631.
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 13:03
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:08
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/582

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