Neutron diffraction study of the orientational order in filter cakes made of kaolinite under laminar and turbulent cross-flow

Perdigon, A. C. and Clarke, S. M. and Aston, M. (2007) Neutron diffraction study of the orientational order in filter cakes made of kaolinite under laminar and turbulent cross-flow. Journal of Membrane Science, 298 (1-2). pp. 80-91. ISSN 0376-7388 DOI 10.1016/j.memsci.2007.04.002

[img] PDF
perdigon_clarke_aston.pdf
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (897kB)

Abstract

The orientational order of plate-like particles in filter cakes prepared under cross-flow conditions is determined using a neutron diffraction approach and the fluid flow through the filter cakes during their formation followed using volumetric studies. Data has been collected using an unusual cross-flow geometry, fixed volume filtration cell covering a wider range of flow fields than previously reported which allows the study of the transition from laminar to turbulent flow conditions. Interestingly, these results indicate that there is minimal additional orientational alignment when the cross-flow is laminar, compared to the static case, but that there is more extensive alignment when the imposed flow is turbulent. This behaviour is discussed in terms of several mechanisms including suspension and redeposition of particles in the imposed flow fields and the orienting effects of turbulent eddies adjacent to a boundary. In addition, we provide evidence that particle resuspension is not the dominant mechanism. During cross-flow filtration studies two dominant regimes have been identified. A ‘quasi-static’ regime where the filtrate mass goes as t1/2 under laminar conditions; and a flow rate dependent “dynamic-regime” where filtrate mass goes as tn, where n rises with increasing imposed shear rate until n is unity and the filtrate mass goes linearly with time, under turbulence.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2007 AREP IA55 2007 P BPI
Subjects: 99 - Other
03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Membrane Science
Volume: 298
Page Range: pp. 80-91
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.memsci.2007.04.002
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 13:03
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:08
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/588

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

About cookies