Sticky bivalves from the Mesozoic: clues to the origin of the anomalodesmatan arenophilic system

Sartori, A. F. and Harper, E. M. (2009) Sticky bivalves from the Mesozoic: clues to the origin of the anomalodesmatan arenophilic system. Lethaia, 42 (4). pp. 486-494. DOI 3931.2009.00166.x

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Arenophilic glands represent the only molluscan example of multicellular organs solely concerned with adhesion of foreign particles to the external surfaces of an organism. The glands are exclusive to the bivalve clade omalodesmata, but do not occur in all component taxa, having been declared absent in a number of families, including Pholadomyidae. This paper records and describes for the first time the arenophilic apparatus of Pholadomya candida G. B. Sowerby I, 1823, and demonstrates that secretion from these glands is at times preserved in the fossil record. In P. candida , arenophilic glands in the middle mantle folds discharge their products on top of the shell as the animal grows, forming radial lines of secretion that comprise a meandering main strand and numerous thin threads projecting in tufts. The arrangement is similar to that of other families, corroborating the hypothesis that the glands are a synapomorphy of crown-group anomalodesmatans. Instances of preserved secretion in fossil Pholadomya, ranging in age almost to the initial appearance of the genus in the Late Triassic, suggest that fossilized arenophilic secretion may aid systematic studies of problematic fossil groups traditionally included in Anomalodesmata.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 09AREP; IA58;
Subjects: 04 - Palaeobiology
Divisions: 04 - Palaeobiology
Journal or Publication Title: Lethaia
Volume: 42
Page Range: pp. 486-494
Identification Number: 3931.2009.00166.x
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 13:03
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:08

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