Transport of terrestrial organic matter to the deep North Atlantic Ocean by ice rafting.

Schouten, S. and Ossebaar, J. and Brummer, G. J. and Elderfield, H. and Sinninghe Damste, J. S. (2007) Transport of terrestrial organic matter to the deep North Atlantic Ocean by ice rafting. Organic Geochemistry, 38 (7). pp. 1161-1168. DOI

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Total organic carbon (TOC), d13C values of TOC (d13Corg) and glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) were analysed for a sediment core from the North Atlantic covering the last 30 kyr to investigate organic matter deposition due to ice rafting. TOC content was low in sediments representing glacial times (0.2–0.4%) and even lower in Holocene sediments (< 0.2%). The d13Corg values varied from 24& in glacial times to 20& at the start of the Holocene (8 ky cal BP), with negative excursions to 26& during Heinrich events. The d13Corg values correlated non-linearly with % ice rafted debris in the sediments, suggestive of supply of continental organic matter by ice rafting. GDGT analysis revealed varying amounts of soil-derived branched GDGTs and the marine isoprenoid GDGT, crenarchaeol, which is expressed in the branched isoprenoid tetraether (BIT) index. The BIT index was relatively high (0.3) in sediments deposited during the glacial compared to those laid down at the start of the Holocene (0.1), suggesting enhanced delivery of terrestrial OM to the North Atlantic by ice rafting, in agreement with the d13Corg results. This was confirmed by analysis of the 14C content of TOC, which indicated substantially older ages (1–9 kyr) than the sediment age inferred from planktonic foraminifera. BIT indices and d13Corg values show phase offsets during Heinrich events, suggestive of differences either in timing of supply or of different sources of organic matter, i.e. soil organic matter and ancient mature sedimentary organic matter. Alternatively it may reflect changing contributions of source areas.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: 0146-6380 Monthly: 9-14 issues per year Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. Great Britain English
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2007 AREP 2007 P IA54
Divisions: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Journal or Publication Title: Organic Geochemistry
Volume: 38
Page Range: pp. 1161-1168
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 13:03
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:08

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