Seismic reflection images of the Moho underlying melt sills at the East Pacific Rise

Singh, S. C. and Harding, A. J. and Kent, G. M. and Sinha, M. C. and Combier, V. and Bazin, S. and Tong, C. H. and Pye, J. W. and Barton, P. J. and Hobbs, R. W. and White, R. S. and Orcutt, J. A. (2006) Seismic reflection images of the Moho underlying melt sills at the East Pacific Rise. Nature, 442 (7100). pp. 287-290. DOI 10.1038/nature04939

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Abstract

The determination of melt distribution in the crust and the nature of the crust–mantle boundary (the 'Moho') is fundamental to the understanding of crustal accretion processes at oceanic spreading centres. Upper-crustal magma chambers have been imaged beneath fast- and intermediate-spreading centres but it has been difficult to image structures beneath these magma sills. Using three-dimensional seismic reflection images, here we report the presence of Moho reflections beneath a crustal magma chamber at the 9° 03' N overlapping spreading centre, East Pacific Rise. Our observations highlight the formation of the Moho at zero-aged crust. Over a distance of less than 7 km along the ridge crest, a rapid increase in two-way travel time of seismic waves between the magma chamber and Moho reflections is observed, which we suggest is due to a melt anomaly in the lower crust. The amplitude versus offset variation of reflections from the magma chamber shows a coincident region of higher melt fraction overlying this anomalous region, supporting the conclusion of additional melt at depth.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2006 AREP IA51 IA52 2006 P
Subjects: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Divisions: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Journal or Publication Title: Nature
Volume: 442
Page Range: pp. 287-290
Identification Number: 10.1038/nature04939
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 13:03
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:08
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/692

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