Olivine hydration in the deep upper mantle: Effects of temperature and silica activity

Smyth, J. R. and Frost, D. J. and Nestola, F. and Holl, C. M. and Bromiley, G. D. (2006) Olivine hydration in the deep upper mantle: Effects of temperature and silica activity. Geophysical Research Letters, 33 (15). Art. No. L15301. DOI 10.1029/2006GL026194

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Abstract

Although water controls the biology and geology of the surface, hydrogen is perhaps the most poorly constrained compositional variable in the bulk Earth. Its concentration in the upper mantle appears to be controlled by its solubility as hydroxyl in the nominally anhydrous silicate phases, olivine, pyroxene, garnet, wadsleyite, and ringwoodite. Here we describe a series of experiments showing that the solubility of H2O in olivine at 12 GPa increases with temperature to 8900 ppm by weight at 1250°C and decreases at higher temperature with the onset of melting. Sample characterization by infrared spectroscopy indicates that the primary hydration mechanism is the substitution of 2H+ for Mg2+. Similar results obtained from samples coexisting with clinohumite (low-silica) and with clinoenstatite (high-silica) indicate that silica activity has minimal effect on hydration under these conditions. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction measurements constrain the volume of hydration and indicate significant M-site vacancies. Hydrogen thus appears to become a geochemically compatible element as depths approach 400 km.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: L15301
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2006 AREP IA52 2006 P
Subjects: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Journal or Publication Title: Geophysical Research Letters
Volume: 33
Page Range: Art. No. L15301
Identification Number: 10.1029/2006GL026194
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 13:03
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:08
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/700

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