Granular column collapses: further experimental results.

Thompson, E. L. and Huppert, H. E. (2007) Granular column collapses: further experimental results. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 575. pp. 177-186. DOI 10.1017/S0022112006004563

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Abstract

Experimental observations of the collapse of initially static columns of sand in axisymmetric and two-dimensional geometries are presented. The experiments were carried out using cylinders and rectangular tanks 30 to 60 cm tall, and cover aspect ratios between 0.5 and 20, where the aspect ratio is defined as the ratio of the initial height to horizontal extent of the column. The final positions of sand grains from different points initially on the outer surface of the columns are mapped. For all axisymmetric columns the point of maximum runout is found to originate from a point at fractional height 0.74±0.03 of the initial vertical height of the column, independent of the aspect ratio. For two-dimensional columns the corresponding point is 0.65±0.07. Collapses of columns of water-saturated sand into water display a different form of flow, which leads to there being no such well-defined point. In this case, grains from all but the innermost, basal areas of the initial column can end up in the outermost region of the final deposit. For collapses in air and aspect ratios greater than 1, the detail of the initial geometry is relatively insignificant in determining the shape of the final deposit. The results of this and previous studies thus have general applicability, even to situations with less initial symmetry. Movies are available with the online version of the paper.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2007 AREP IA54 2007 P
Divisions: 02 - Geodynamics, Geophysics and Tectonics
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Volume: 575
Page Range: pp. 177-186
Identification Number: 10.1017/S0022112006004563
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 13:03
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:08
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/728

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