Progress relating to calculation of partial melting equilibria for metapelites

White, R. W. and Powell, R. and Holland, T. J. B. (2007) Progress relating to calculation of partial melting equilibria for metapelites. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 25 (5). pp. 511-527. ISSN 0263-4929 DOI 10.1111/j.1525-1314.2007.00711.x

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Abstract

mproved activity–composition relationships for biotite, garnet and silicate liquid are used to construct updated P–T grids and pseudosections for high-grade metapelites. The biotite model involves Ti charge-balanced by hydrogen deprotonation on the hydroxyl site, following the substitution , where HD represents the hydroxyl site. Relative to equivalent biotite-breakdown melting reactions in P–T grids in K2O–FeO–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O (KFMASH), those in K2O–FeO–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O–TiO2–O2 (KFMASHTO) occur at temperatures close to 50 °C higher. A further consequence of the updated activity models is that spinel-bearing equilibria occur to higher temperature and higher pressure. In contrast, the addition of Na2O and CaO to KFMASH to make the Na2O–CaO–K2O–FeO–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O (NCKFMASH) system lowers key biotite-breakdown melting reactions in P–T space relative to KFMASH. Combination of the KFMASHTO and NCKFMASH systems to make Na2O–CaO–K2O–FeO–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O–TiO2–O2 (NCKFMASHTO) results in key biotite-breakdown melting reactions occurring at temperatures intermediate between those in KFMASHTO and those in NCKFMASH. Given such differences, the choice of model system will be critical to inferred P–T conditions in the application of mineral equilibria modelling to rocks. Further, pseudosections constructed in KFMASH, NCKFMASH and NCKFMASHTO for several representative rock compositions show substantial differences not only in the P–T conditions of key metamorphic assemblages but also overall topology, with the calculations in NCKFMASHTO more reliably reflecting equilibria in rocks. Application of mineral equilibria modelling to rocks should be undertaken in the most comprehensive system possible, if reliable quantitative P–T information is to be derived.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2007 AREP IA54 2007 P
Subjects: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Divisions: 05 - Petrology - Igneous, Metamorphic and Volcanic Studies
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Metamorphic Geology
Volume: 25
Page Range: pp. 511-527
Identification Number: 10.1111/j.1525-1314.2007.00711.x
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 13:04
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:08
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/796

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