Basaltic rocks and their potential to permanently sequester industrial carbon dioxide emissions

Matter, J. and Assayag, N. and Goldberg, D. (2006) Basaltic rocks and their potential to permanently sequester industrial carbon dioxide emissions. Proceedings of the International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies . Elsevier Science.

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Abstract

Injection of anthropogenic CO2 into deep aquifers is one of the promising geological storage options being considered for CO2 sequestration. The retention time and environmental safety of the CO2 storage depend on the chemical reactions between the injected CO2, the reservoir fluid and the host rocks. The pH buffer capacity of aquifer water and the acid neutralization potential of the aquifer rocks are important factors for stabilization of the injected CO2. Mafic rocks such as basalt, which primarily consists of calcium, magnesium silicate minerals provide alkaline earth metals necessary to form solid carbonate minerals. The carbonate minerals formed thus sequester CO2 in a chemically stable and environmental benign form. We explore the scientific and technical potential of deep basalt formations for long-term storage of CO2 as an alternative to the more common sedimentary reservoir rocks. The significant global storage capacity onshore as well as offshore and the high potential for secure and permanent sequestration as stable (Ca, Mg, Fe)CO3 minerals demonstrate the importance of basalt as a potential sequestration target. Small-scale CO2 injection experiments have been carried out as single well push-pull tests to study CO2-water-rock reactions under natural in situ conditions. The in situ tests confirm rapid acid neutralization rates and waterrock reactions sufficient for safe and permanent geologic storage of CO2.

Item Type: Book
Uncontrolled Keywords: NIL AREP
Subjects: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Divisions: 01 - Climate Change and Earth-Ocean Atmosphere Systems
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2009 13:01
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 10:01
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/87

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