Magnetic and microscopic characterization of magnetite nanoparticles adhered to clay surface

Galindo-Gonzalez, C. and Feinberg, J. M. and Kasama, T. and Cervera Gontard, L.. and Kósa, I. and Pósfai, M. and Duran, J.D.G. and Gill, J. E. and Harrison, R. J. and Dunin-Borkowski, R. E. (2009) Magnetic and microscopic characterization of magnetite nanoparticles adhered to clay surface. American Mineralogist, 94 (8-9). pp. 1120-1129. DOI

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When suspended in solution, clay platelets coated with nanometer-scale magnetite particles behave as magnetorheologic fluids that are important to a variety of industrial applications. Such dual-phase assemblages are also similar to natural aggregates that record the direction and intensity of the Earth’s magnetic field in lake and marine depositional environments. This study characterizes the mineralogical structure and magnetic behavior of montmorillonite platelets coated with aggregates of nanometer-scale magnetite crystals. The distribution of magnetite crystal sizes in three different clay-magnetite assemblages was directly measured using conventional transmission electron microscopy and agrees within error with estimates derived from magnetic hysteresis measurements. Magnetic hysteresis and low field susceptibility measurements combined with electron holography experiments indicate that all three samples behave superparamagnetically at room temperature, and show increasing levels of single domain behavior as the samples are cooled to liquid nitrogen temperatures. At such low temperatures, magnetostatic interactions are observed to partially stabilize otherwise superparamagnetic grains in flux closure structures.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 09AREP; IA58;
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: American Mineralogist
Volume: 94
Page Range: pp. 1120-1129
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 20 May 2009 15:36
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2013 09:54

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