Domain wall generated polarity in ferroelastics: Results from resonance piezoelectric spectroscopy, piezoelectric force microscopy, and optical second harmonic generation measurements in LaAlO3 with twin and tweed microstructures

Yokota, Hiroko and Haines, C. R. S. and Matsumoto, Suguru and Hasegawa, Nozomo and Carpenter, Michael A. and Heo, Yooun and Marin, Alexe and Salje, E. K. H. and Uesu, Yoshiaki (2020) Domain wall generated polarity in ferroelastics: Results from resonance piezoelectric spectroscopy, piezoelectric force microscopy, and optical second harmonic generation measurements in LaAlO3 with twin and tweed microstructures. Physical Review B, 102 (10). ISSN 1098-0121, ESSN: 1550-235X DOI https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.102.104117

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Abstract

Ferroelastic La Al O 3 (space group R ¯ 3 c ) exists with two different microstructures: twins and tweed. Both microstructures contain electrical dipole moments. Polarity inside ferroelastic twin walls has been shown using two complementary experimental techniques and identical samples. PFM reveals a weak piezoelectric effect at the loci of the domain walls. In tweed samples, the PFM signal is finite but variable in the entire sample. PFM shows that same characteristic tweed microstructure as observed optically. The piezoelectric effect is of a similar magnitude inside twin walls and, space averaged, in the tweed microstructure (and approximately one order of magnitude smaller than in c -oriented Pb Ti O 3 single crystals). Resonance piezoelectric spectroscopy proves that domain walls vibrate under the application of an external driving electric field. The resonance frequency is very close to stress induced vibrations. This is evidence for weak but finite coupling between the local dipole moments in the domain walls and the external electric field. The same coupling and the piezoelectric response are much stronger in the tweed sample. Symmetry breaking by dipolar vectors in a La Al O 3 sample with tweed has been confirmed by the observation of optical second harmonic signals. The noncentrosymmetric point group is identified as 3 m in agreement with earlier work on twinned La Al O 3 but in contradiction with predictions of Landau-Ginzburg theory of simple ferroelastic wall structures.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 2020AREP; IA76
Subjects: 03 - Mineral Sciences
Divisions: 03 - Mineral Sciences
08 - Green Open Access
Journal or Publication Title: Physical Review B
Volume: 102
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.102.104117
Depositing User: Sarah Humbert
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2020 22:34
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2020 22:34
URI: http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/id/eprint/4902

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